Vol 5 | Issue 2 | July-December 2020 | page: 02-04 | Amita Aggarwal, Ketaki Mukund Kulkarni, Tushar J. Palekar
Authors: Amita Aggarwal , Ketaki Mukund Kulkarni , Tushar J. Palekar 
 Department of Physiotherapy, Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Amita Aggarwal,
Associate Professor, Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.
Background: Sprinting requires lower limb muscle strength along with ankle and subtalar joint range of motion. Dominance can influence strength and flexibility differences in the lower limbs increasing the risk of injury. The purpose of the research is to find Foot posture Index (FPI) differences in Dominant and Non – Dominant limb among runners.
Method: 50 shoed sprinters were evaluated for foot posture index using (FPI) scoring criteria. Also, musculoskeletal pain in the lower limb for the last 3 months was reported along with recording ankle and subtalar joint range of motion. The analysis was done using Primer 6 software.
Results: Out of 50 shoed sprinters, 40 % have highly pronated feet in non-dominant limb compared to 18% in a dominant limb. Also, a pronated foot was more associated with knee and ankle pain. No differences were reported for ankle and subtalar joint passive range of motion in dominant versus non-dominant limb.
Conclusion: Sprinters have reported pronated foot posture presence greater in the non-dominant limb.
Keywords: Running; Pronated feet; highly pronated feet; musculoskeletal pain.
1. Farley and McMahon, 1992, McMgeer, 1990, Margaria et al.,1963.
2. Cartmill M, Hylander WI, Shafland J. Human structure. Massachusetts, Harvard University Pres 2001;229-338.
3. A.I Kapandji. The physiology of the joints. (Vol 2 Lower Limb). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1976.
4. Habibe Serap Inal, Burcin Erbug, Christos Kotzamanidis. Sprinting, isokinetic strength, and range of motion of ankle joints in Turkish male and female national sprinters may have a relationship. Turk J Med Sci 2012;42(6):1098-1104.
5. Nikhil Aggarwal, Chaya Garg, Harmeet Bawa. Comparison of foot posture in runners (sprinters) and non-runners in Indian population. The physiotherapy post. January-March 2014;volume 6, no.1.
6. Gary L. Soderberg. Kinesiology: Application to pathological motion. Pp.258.
7. Tung BYS, Zhang M, Fan YB, et al. Quantitative comparison of plantar foot shapes under different weight-bearing conditions. J Rehab Res Dev 2003;40(6):517-526.
8. Dogan A, Uslu M, Aydinoglu A, et al. Morphometric study of the human metatarsals and phalanges. Clin Anat.2007;20(2):209-214.
9. Karen P. Cote, Michale E. Brunet, Bruce M. Gausneder, Sandar J, Schultz. Effects of pronated and supinated foot posture on static and dynamic postural stability. J Athl Train 2005;40(1):41-46.
10. Hreljac A, Marshall R.N, Hume P.A. Evaluation of lower extremity overuse potential in runners. Medicine and Science in sports and exercise 2000;32(9):1635-1641.
11. Ali Mohammad Esmaeili, Hasan Daneshmandi, Nader Samami et al. The study of relationship malalignment knee and foot with injury in professional sprinters. International journal of sport studies 2015;5(5):576-581.
12. Davis I.S. How do we accurately measure foot motion? Journal of Orthopaedic and sports physical therapy 2004;7(3):91-95.
13. Butler R.J, Davis I.S, Hamill J. Interaction of arch type and foot wear on running mechanics. The American journal of sports medicine 2006;34(12):1998-2005.
14. Peters, M. Footedness: asymmetries in foot preference and skill and neurophysiological assessment of foot movement. Physiological Bulletin 1988;103(2):179-192.
15. Ball, N. and Scurr, J. Effect of muscle action, load and velocity variation on the bilateral neuromuscular response. Journal of exercise physiology 2011;14(4):1-12.
16. Kuruganti U, Murphy T. Bilateral deficit expression and myoelectric signal activity during submaximal and maximal isometric knee extension in young, athletic males. European journal of applied physiology 2008;102:721-726.
17. Markou S, Vagenas G. Multivariate isokinetic asymmetry of the knee and shoulder in elite volleyball players. European Journal of Sports Science 2006;6(1):71-80.
18. Vegenas G. and Hoshizaki B. Functional asymmetry and lateral dominance in the lower limbs of distance runners. International journal of sports biomechanics 1991;7:311-329.
19. Bezodis, Ian Kervin, David G, Salo AI. Lower limb mechanics during the support phase of maximum velocity sprint running. Med. Sci. Sports 2008;40:707-15.
20. Jacobs R, Bobbert MF, G J van Ingen schenau. Mechanical output from individual muscles during explosive leg extensions: the role of biarticular muscles. J Biomech 1996;29:513-23.
21. Rahnama N, Lees A & Bambaecichi E. A comparison of muscle strength and flexibility between preferred and non preferred players in English soccer players. Ergonomics 2005;48:1568-75.
22. Newton RU, Gerber A, Nimphius S, Shim JK, Doan BK, Robertson M et al. Determination of functional strength imbalance of the lower extremities. J strength Con Res 2006;20:971-977.
23. Kapreli Eleni, Athanasopoulos Spyros, Stavridis I, Billis Evdokia & Strimpakos Nikolaos. Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire (WFQ-R): cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of Greek version. Physiotherapy 2015;101(e721):401-403.
24. Cynthia C. Norkin, D Joyee White. Measurement of joint motion –a guide to goniometry: Third edition 2003.
25. Fousekis K, Tsepis E & Vagenas G. Lower limb strength in professional soccer players: profile, asymmetry, and training age. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 2010;9(3): 364-373.
26. Anthony C Redmond, Yvonne Z Crane and Hylton B Menz. Normative values for the Foot Posture Index. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 31 July 2008.
27. Taunton J.E, Ryan M.B, Clement D.B, McKenzie D.C, Lloyd-Smith D.R, Zumbo B.D. A retrospective case-control analysis of 2002 running injuries. British journal of sports medicine 2002;36(2):95-101.
28. Cowan D.N, Jones B.H, Robinson J.R. Foot Morphologic Characteristics and Risk of Exercise-Related Injury. Archives of Family Medicine 1993;2(7):773.
29. Puckree T, Govender A, Govender K, Naidoo P. The quadriceps angle and the incidence of knee injury in Indian long-distance runners. South African Journal of Sports Medicine 2009.
30. Kubo K, Tabata T, Ikebukuro T, Igrashi K, Yata H, Tsunoda N. Effects of mechanical properties of muscle and tendon performance in long-distance runners. Eur J Appl Physiol 2010;110:507-14.
|How to Cite this Article: Aggarwal A, Kulkarni KM, Palekar TJ | Evaluation of Foot Posture Index in Dominant and Non–Dominant Leg Among Sprinters | Journal of Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation | 2020 July-December; 5(2): 02-04.|
(Abstract) (Full Text HTML) (Download PDF)